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農藥理化性質試驗指引相關參考資訊

點閱: 1093
資料來源: 農業藥物毒物試驗所
更新時間: 2018/03/29

由於我國農藥理化性試驗之試驗規範尚未訂定,依農藥理化性及毒理試驗準則,目前是優先參照經濟合作暨發展組織(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD)之規範,至於OECD尚未有試驗規範之理化試驗項目如物理狀態、顏色、氣味、燃燒性、混合性、爆炸性、腐蝕性及貯存安定性,可優先依美國環保署 (US EPA) OPPTS 830系列之試驗規範 (整理如下表,可直接點選開啟檔案)。

理化性質 OECD US EPA
物理狀態(Physical state)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6303 Physical State [EPA 712–C–96–020]
顏色(Color)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6302 Color [EPA 712–C–96–019]
氣味(Odor)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6304 Odor [EPA 712–C–96–021]
酸鹼度(pH) Test No. 122: Determination of pH, Acidity and Alkalinity  
熔點或沸點(Melting point or Boiling point) Test No. 102: Melting Point/ Melting Range
Test No. 103: Boiling Point
 
密度、比重、容積密度(Density、Specific gravity、Bulk density) Test No. 109: Density of Liquids and Solids  
蒸氣壓(Vapor pressure) Test No. 104: Vapour Pressure  
溶解度(Solubility) Test No. 105: Water Solubility
Test No. 116: Fat Solubility of Solid and Liquid Substances
 
分配係數(Partition coefficient) Test No. 107: Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water): Shake Flask Method
Test No. 117: Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water), HPLC Method
Test No. 123: Partition Coefficient (1-Octanol/Water): Slow-Stirring Method
 
解離常數(Dissociation constant) Test No. 112: Dissociation Constants in Water  
黏性(Viscosity) Test No. 114: Viscosity of Liquids  
安定性(Stability) Test No. 113: Screening Test for Thermal Stability and Stability in Air
Test No. 101: UV-VIS Absorption Spectra
(Spectrophotometric Method)
Test No. 316: Phototransformation of Chemicals in Water – Direct Photolysis
Test No. 111: Hydrolysis as a Function of pH
Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6313 Stability to Normal and Elevated Temperatures, Metals, and Metal Ions [EPA 712–C–96–022]
燃燒性(Flammability)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6315 Flammability [EPA 712–C–96–024]
混合性(Miscibility)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6319 Miscibility [EPA 712–C–95–027]
爆炸性(Explodability)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6316 Explodability [EPA 712–C–96–025]
腐蝕性(Corrosive characteristics)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6320 Corrosion Characteristics [EPA 712–C–96–028]
貯存安定性(Storage stability)   Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6317 Storage Stability [EPA 712–C–02–026]
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